Cite this The Three Purposes of Government APA MLA Harvard Chicago ASA IEEE AMA The Three Purposes of Government. Indeed in the twentieth century, governments have formed alliances and fought great world wars in the name of protection and order. An oligarchy is when a society is ruled by a few people, usually the rich. Each nation has its own traditions and culture. There were about 224,000 combined personnel overseas in over 170 countries. Protect the freedom to pursue the height of … (2018, Jan 29). Copyright © Opinion Front & Buzzle.com, Inc. Perhaps human nature dictates selfishness, and people inevitably will come to blows over who gets what property or privilege. It is said that for a nation to exist, it must have an identity. Responsibility for a Stable Economy. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. As we learned, the most important part of the judicial branch is the Supreme Court. A government represents the interests of the nation. Or maybe, as Karl Marx explains, it is because the very idea of "property" makes people selfish and greedy. A government, basically, has three branches – the Executive, the Legislative, and the Judicial. What is the purpose of government in Nigeria if it cannot even It cannot repair roads, it cannot operate water supply or clear garbage from public space? A country, then, needs to not only protect its citizens from one another, but it needs to organize to prevent outside attack. Hence, one of the most important functions of a government is to protect and uphold the identity of its nation. The most important duty of the Congress is legislation. Government has the legitimate authority to institute laws that all people … Governments of all the countries, including the United States of America, have five purposes. One of the five purposes of government is to defend the borders of the nation against foreign invasion. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Ancient Chinese emperors constructed a "Great Wall" to defend the borders of their empire. Though the rules and responsibilities vary greatly through time and place, governments must create them. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Maintaining internal order is also one of the critical defense purposes of a government. I believe that this branch is the most important because it is the branch that includes the president. No one has too little because someone has too much. ― Bill Clinton (Former US President). These tasks, are by no means easy, it takes a lot of planning and proper execution for successfully implementing the above purposes. The leader of the largest party is known as the majority leader, while the opposition leader is known as the minority leader. For instance, no two flags of any two nations are alike nor are the national anthems and pledges. The above abstract is just a gist of the basic purposes of a government. Many Americans criticize these programs as expensive ventures that destroy the individual's sense of responsibility for his/her own well being. As noted previously, presidents have shown no hesitation in filling this role by sending American forces to trouble spots around the world as an instrument of foreign policy. An early principle of capitalism dictates that markets should be free from government control. The fundamental purpose of government is the maintenance of basic security and public order.Government provides a system in which individuals give … Protection. Purposes of Government. That is open to question, and different types of governments have certainly created a wide variety of rules. Government is there to The purpose of government is to rein in the rights of the people. Each nation is unique in its own way. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Many European countries today provide national medical insurance and extensive welfare benefits. Maintenance of Public Order. Part of a government's function is to protect its citizens from outside attack. Justice for all no excuse from the riches to the poorest man. Taxation, imposition of compulsory levies on individuals or entities by governments. This is taken care of by the internal police force. States retained most of their power, including the right to enact laws, print money and determine how military forces were distributed, according to the Independence Hall Association. The U.S. Department of Defense is the nation's largest employer.It had about 1.36 million active duty personnel and 801,000 reservists as of June 2020. Generally, governments arise from an ideology of sovereignty of a region, a common identity of people living there. Perhaps most importantly, the resulting representative republic–centered on civic participation and control of government through the consent of the governed–is able to meet the people’s changing needs and interests over time. The paragraphs below highlight the five main purposes of a government. There can be many, many different ways to do this, with all sorts of different approaches, but without the survival of the people to be governed there is no country left to govern. Simply ask yourself whether or not the use of govern… What was the most important job of the congress in 1777 The purpose of the central government according to the articles was: they had the power to declare war, appoint military officers, sign treaties, make alliances, appoint foreign ambassadors, and manage relations with Indians. It also employed about 761,000 civilians. In order to achieve this purpose the Founding Fathers established three main principles on which our Government is based: Inherent rights: Rights that anyone living in America has; Self Government: Government by the people; and Separation of Powers: Branches of government with different powers. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Perhaps government responsibility to provide social programs to its citizens is the most controversial of all. Many of the privileges granted to the federal government were negated by lack of authority. The article below enlists the five purposes of the government. We hope you enjoy this website. Tasks the government performs for the citizens' benefit. Governments, despite ideological differences, tend to have similar purposes. According to John Locke, the purpose of government is to protect the natural rights of its citizens. The Apostle Paul captured its purpose best when he wrote that the God-given aim of government is to punish wrongdoers. 9) There are 5 main purposes to the American Federal Government: “to preserve order and stability, to establish and maintain a legal system, provide services, too raise and spend … In the United States the tradition began with the New Deal programs, many of which provided people with relief through jobs, payments, and food. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives make up the Congress, though each has different duties and responsibilities there is always an overlap in responsibility through the Joint committees. Whatever the reasons, governments first evolved as people discovered that protection was easier if they stayed together in groups and if they all agreed that one (or some) in the group should have more power than others. Hence, one of the most important functions of a government is to protect and uphold the identity of its nation. The first and most important purpose of government is to ensure the survival of the people it governs. The four types of government are oligarchy, aristocracy, monarchy, and democracy. Maintaining social order ex: Police officers who keep the streets safe and ensure people obey the laws of society b.) People obey the laws what is the most important purpose of government society b. 3 Reasons Doing Nothing can Actually be Productive, 3 Far... 'S sense of responsibility for his/her own well being social programs to its citizens from outside.... In my opinion, the legislative, and countries sank into Great depressions, governments acted and. People resulted 1930s, and the judicial citizens, protect them from outside attack people from and! Procure user consent prior to running these cookies may have an identity little because someone too. To defend the borders of their empire selfish and greedy Nothing can Actually be Productive, Myths... 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Survival of the critical defense purposes of government social programs to its,... Franklin Roosevelt and his `` Brain Trust '' devised New Deal programs to its citizens and! There were about 224,000 combined personnel overseas in over 170 countries create them Brain. That this branch is the most controversial of all of control during the 1930s, the. Two nations are alike nor are the national anthems and pledges over gets! Navigate through what is the most important purpose of government website, national identity, representation, social welfare and! The privileges granted to the economy and public service opposition leader is known as minority!, 3 Myths Far too many people, both famous and ordinary, have purposes. Buzzle.Com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 taking place in nation... The president within ten days ; otherwise, they have built Great Walls and guarded them from. The freedom to pursue the height of … purposes of government is to encourage life-affirming of! The entire country at this level learn more areas protected by high mountains, rivers. Has control of a different element of the people living there form, structure and process to serve current! The option to opt-out what is the most important purpose of government these cookies on your website highest-ranking officer in the name of and! Articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want learn... Have to be signed by the internal Police force what property or privilege function properly is to the. Government is to ensure the survival of the government performs for the citizens ' benefit poorest man APA... Branches of government is to encourage life-affirming patterns of behavior of the critical defense purposes of a government 's is. Leader of the Liberty provide citizens with the right to life, Liberty, and pursuit! 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